All Connected

All Connected: Love, Hope, Faith, Joy, Peace, Freedom

Children, families, colleagues and friends of all ages, cultural, educational, religious and social backgrounds usually say that they enjoy Christmas, because “it is a happy time, where people come together, they relax, they enjoy and they have Hope”, 80 year old.

“I like Christmas because there are lights and people smile”, 8 year old child.

“I live alone, I spend Christmas alone, but for me it is still a time of Peace and Hope, because Christmas is of something bigger than ourselves, it is not about people, it is about Love and Faith.” 92 year old. Many pubs in the UK offer free Christmas lunch to anyone who is alone on Christmas. No c-pass necessary in the UK.

Many report “the same terror that happened now before Christmas, where we are all terrorised again, now for 2 years with crescendo before Christmas and late summer every year, happened last year when we were not allowed to buy books or decorations, now we can’t have fireworks or get together again, and it is not about a virus or health or protection, any doctor with half an education and some experience know this, it is about human decisions to profit, to stay in the spotlight and to control, ghost stories continue, half truths that maintain drama, chaos and fear”, medical specialist, 30 years experience.

Our referrals of experts in the field, academics and medical doctors increased markedly last year before Christmas time, and the same is observed this year. Most report “it is about being unable to swallow lies and exchange freedom and autonomy and good evidence for lies, we all live in terror with our mouths shut or covered, we are told not to get involved, it is symbolic, we live in a prison with a false story that makes it ok”, GP. “It is true that there is a viral threat, a biological threat, but it is a serious threat to much less than 25% of the global population, more likely 5-10%, even before vaccines, now, due to vaccines AND ALSO due to the virus mutating as most will do, spreading easier, BUT ALSO having lost most of the power, the ‘danger’ (the usual pattern), it is now a small sniffle for most – it is so interesting how (the media, or leaders or even) doctors report half of it, they leave the most important part out – it was time long ago to stop all the tests, passes, lockdowns, self-isolations – and masks never had good evidence backing it and hurt more people than help.” Medical specialist, decades of experience

Let’s not allow our Love, Hope, Faith, Joy or Peace to be affected this year – then our Freedom is affected. We need Strength, Courage and Wisdom for this path – it is within our reach – for everyone. We see children who have experienced 10 lifetimes of losses and trauma, with enormous strength, courage and wisdom every day, who refuse to give up on Hope, Faith, Joy and Peace; who don’t give up on Love (not the romantic kind, but Love, the kind that changes the world, changes anger into forgiveness). These items, above in bold, are all connected, you don’t have the one without the other. Start with one, the rest will follow.

“Everything can be taken from a man but one thing: the last of the human freedoms; to choose one’s attitude in any given set of circumstances, to choose one’s own way.” V Frankl

“The mind is its own place, and in itself can make a heaven of hell, a hell of heaven”. Milton

Faith is the bird that feels the light and sings when the dawn is still dark.” Tagore

“All the great things are simple, and many can be expressed in a single word: Freedom, justice, honour, duty, mercy, Hope.” Winston Churchill

Love recognises no barriers. It jumps hurdles, leaps fences, penetrates walls to arrive at its destination full of Hope.” Maya Angelou

Corinthians, “Love is patient and kind; love does not envy or boast; it is not arrogant or rude. It does not insist on its own way; it is not irritable or resentful; it does not rejoice at wrongdoing, but rejoices with the Truth. Love bears all things, believes all things, Hopes all things, endures all things. Love never ends.”

“Let no man pull you so low as to hate him.” Martin Luther King Jr

Courage is like Love; it must have Hope for nourishment.” Napoleon Bonaparte

Peace is Liberty in tranquility.” Marcus Tullius Cicero

“Do not let the behaviour of others destroy your inner Peace.” Dalai Lama

“Never be in a hurry; do everything quietly and in a calm spirit. Do not lose your inner Peace for anything whatsoever, even if your whole world seems upset.” Saint Francis de Sales

Peace cannot be kept by force. It can only be achieved by understanding.” Albert Einstein

“It isn’t enough to talk about Peace. One must believe in it. And it isn’t enough to believe in it. One must work at it.” E Roosevelt

Joy lies in the fight, in the attempt, in the suffering involved, not in the victory itself.” Mahatma Gandhi

“Do your little bit of good where you are; it’s those little bits of good put together that overwhelm the world.” Desmond Tutu

“The weak can never forgive. Forgiveness is the attribute of the strong.” Mahatma Gandhi

“An eye for an eye only ends up making the whole world blind.” Mahatma Gandhi

Courage isn’t having the strength to go on, it is going on when you don’t have strength.” Napoléon Bonaparte

“Never, never, never give in!” Winston S. Churchill

“The measure of intelligence is the ability to change.” Albert Einstein

“Knowing others is intelligence; knowing yourself is true Wisdom. Mastering others is Strength; mastering yourself is true power.” Lao Tzu

“Whenever you find yourself on the side of the majority, it is time to reform (or pause and reflect).” Mark Twain

“Any fool can know. The point is to understand.” Albert Einstein

“Children often understand and follow truth, more than adults will, because children are more fearless than adults, they have faith.” GP

“The children in my school brought this quote to me last year, when this virus was still a serious threat to more people, then to about 20% of the population, now the virus is no more than allergy symptoms for most, 95% most say, but yet, deprivation of liberty is now a thing of the past”, teacher. Benjamin Franklin “Those who would give up essential Liberty, to purchase a little temporary Safety, deserve neither Liberty nor Safety.”

“Rather than love, than money, than fame, give me Truth“. Henry David Thoreau

“The man who fears no Truth has nothing to fear from lies.” Jefferson

“I know not with what weapons World War III will be fought, but World War IV will be fought with sticks and stones.” Albert Einstein

We decide, who we are today, and every day. This is how we change tomorrow.

Merry Christmas!

#Love #Hope #Faith #Joy #Peace #Strength #Courage #Wisdom #UK #pubs #Change #Positive

Opportunities for 2022

Opportunities for 2022

We will write about travel or holiday opportunities for 2022 when matters settle. Our previous two posts provided some thoughts regarding current opportunities.

We currently provide opportunities to join us with pro bono outreach and service development work or visit us on site. Everyone can contribute in some way – even playing football with children. Please see for more details. The current locations include:

• Latin America

• Pacific

• Africa

• UK

• Ireland

Please contact us at for more information or to join us.

We thank the nearly 20 individuals who have signed up as volunteers in the last few months, however, due to so many GPs and psychiatrists taking early retirement or extended sick leave or moving countries, we would ask that you please confirm your interest at this time. No contracts are required at this time and a ‘maybe’ is more than enough.

We also currently provide opportunities to join our organisation and provide services, mostly remote work, to children and families in the UK:

• Private assessment, treatment, consultation for children and families

• Consultation to carers, support workers and professionals – advice regarding service provision or development

• Educational sessions, training, teaching or presentations to schools, universities, support groups, groups of families, Social Care, Youth Offending Teams, GP surgeries or professionals in hospital settings

• Children’s mental health services to the NHS

• Children’s mental health services to private organisations in the UK

• Children’s mental health services to charity organisations in the UK

Our offices are in Cambridge and London, however, we offer services throughout the UK in the context of home visits, school visits or consultation in GP or Social Care offices. We were informed recently that we are the oldest Child Psychiatry or Child Mental Health private organisation in the UK.

We see children and young people up to age 25 if in part time or full time education; many of our referrals are from universities or mental health teams in universities. On some occasions we also accept referrals of adults over 25, for instance academics at universities, medical doctors, police officers, social workers or teachers. Referrals frequently relate to PTSD, other anxiety disorders, anger or depression. All consultant child psychiatrists (with CCTs in Child Psychiatry) are trained and registered to work in Adult Psychiatry due to 3 years training as specialists in Adult Psychiatry, before 3 years training as specialists in Child Psychiatry.

Our referrals have increased with more than 1000% in the last few months, more or less 50% of our work is offered pro bono. We have offered 2000h pro bono in the last 2 years. We do not require pro bono work from everyone who joins us, however, opportunities are available.

We accept private referrals from adults, children, families, carers, schools, universities, social workers, Police and other professionals.

Most of our private referrals are for families where parents are academics, medical doctors or solicitors. We usually have a short waiting list, however, due to after hour, bank holiday and weekend clinics, we now offer a waiting list of 1-3 weeks. Referrals can be sent to and our website has information regarding the referral process, which is relatively simple. We usually offer a discounted rate for individuals working with high risk children such as certain teachers, doctors, Police or social workers.

We thank everyone in our team for their support and assistance during the years. Your input moves us forward. We also thanks our colleagues who have referred trusted professionals to join our team, individuals they have worked with and trust from a professional point of view. We cannot move forward without you. All professionals currently affiliated or working with CINAPS and MHB IP have worked with us, usually in NHS settings, or have worked with our trusted colleagues and are considered to be professionals with extensive clinical training and experience, and committed to the best care for children.

Please contact us at for more information if you are interested in joining our team.

Merry Christmas and a Happy New Year!

#JobOpportunities #VolunteerOpportunities #job #volunteer #opportunities #ChildPsychiatry #MentalHealth #Consultation #Cambridge #UK

Crossing Borders and Protecting Our Children

Crossing Borders and Protecting Our Children

We have crossed more than 30 borders during the pandemic, since January 2020. We have observed different nation’s clinical and political approaches along with clinical outcomes and public responses. We have observed when and how these patterns have changed. We have shared observations with relevant authorities; many have asked us to continue to share observations and concerns.

We were recently asked to report which countries followed good clinical evidence during border crossings, such as;

• requesting that travellers report current, relevant serious symptoms or raised core temperature,

• requesting that travellers report a recent positive test or

• requesting that travellers report a recent contact with confirmed positive case,

however, much has changed in the EU and the UK in the last few days or weeks, astoundingly so, and most agree not due to any clinical reasoning and that no good clinical evidence is now followed in most contexts before, during or after border crossings in the UK, EU and otherwise (if not now, then starting tomorrow or soon). “It is clear that this is political and not clinical, but a lot of people, most people, are being harmed seriously by these rules, when will the courts stop this, because it seems the doctors can’t stop this, we are told our opinions don’t matter and are not relevant, and that the emergency law supports this”. Medical specialist.

“There is not a doctor or professional or expert in the world with good clinical training and good clinical experience and who can identify good clinical evidence who will agree that boosters are needed for everyone, not for this viral agent, not with this clinical picture and pattern, or that after you have been ‘fully vaccinated’, you still need tests to enter anywhere or do anything, even after confirmed contact, or to self-isolate for any reason, even after confirmed contact. Don’t get me started on masks. An African nation used to say certain fruit cures HIV, which is not true, the same qualify of evidence supports face masks, it doesn’t work in these settings, it hurts a lot of people. Vaccines mean – you now continue with normal life (after a week or so) – 100% normal, 100% free, 100% autonomy. This is the purpose of vaccines. This is why we risk with vaccines – so we can enjoy benefits. You still do common sense things like wash your hands, eat healthy. You need tests if you present with serious symptoms, where your health or life is at risk – clinical indications. To be continued next paragraph.

Don’t authorities know they are doing the exact thing to make people’s immune responses weaker, and to give this virus an ‘up’ and a longer shelf life, so that this virus does not beat us. Hiding does not work for a virus, it makes the virus stronger. Assault by testing (or fear) does not work for a virus, it makes people weaker. Many viral infections, especially flu viruses, mutate, develop, become more infectious, but much less dangerous. This is predictable, everyone said this in September. This helps people, because they build a healthy and normal immune response. People who make the decisions do not understand viruses, coronaviruses, immunity, immune systems, vaccines or Health (Medicine). Medical doctors, clinicians, professionals expert in these fields – they need to lead the decision making processes – otherwise the public will suffer incredible harm. Is it not enough that harm has been illustrated as increased by 1000% by these decisions (not the virus)? These have become games and protection is not the aim, and this is no time for games.” Medical specialist, lead position in crisis management, several decades.

We have been asked to give details regarding the current state of affairs, as it stands now, however, hopefully clinical thinking will lead and it will change tomorrow or before the New Year:

Portugal – All passengers arriving by air need PCR or AG (antigen or lateral flow) tests, or EU COVID pass. Arrivals from South Africa need to self-isolate for 14 days and PCR or AG on arrival (no mention whether individuals who have had vaccines are exempt). All passengers arriving by land – EU citizens and residents – need a COVID pass. Face masks mandatory indoors (no mention whether individuals who have had vaccines are exempt) and outdoors when unable to maintain a social distance. COVID pass for restaurants, tourist attractions or gyms. Negative AG test for bars, clubs, hospitals, large events. 2-9 January 2022 all bars and clubs closed.

“No one who understands what is going on from a clinical point of view will continue with the red or green list countries or that certain countries can or cannot enter, it just doesn’t make clinical sense.” GP

Italy – State of emergency extended until 31-3-21. All arrivals including from EU must have a negative PCR or AG test (no mention whether individuals who have had vaccines are exempt) and must quarantine if not vaccinated. COVID pass necessary to enter restaurants or cinemas. No one can enter from South Africa. “COVID free travel corridors” include Maldives, Mauritius, Seychelles, Aruba, Dominican Republic, parts of Egypt. Masks mandatory indoors and if not possible to socially distance, outdoors.

“I know no medical doctors who agree that COVID passes necessary to enter anywhere, not cross borders, not go into shops or restaurants. This is not clinically indicated for this virus in this context, it borders on assault.” Medical specialist. “I do not want to live if I have to show a sign to enter and eat, shop or live”. 80 year old. “I have to show a sign to go into the shop to buy food, I can’t breathe, because I am afraid all the time.” 14 year old.

Greece – arrivals must have a negative PCR or AG test and proof of vaccines. Border control has the right to test anyone on arrival and if positive (even if no symptoms), the person/s will be placed in hotel quarantine. Closed for travellers from South Africa. Masks mandatory indoors and outdoors if crowded. COVID pass needed for all shops and restaurants. Over 60s must have 3 vaccines for COVID pass (many EU countries now include this rule).

France – From UK – only essential travel allowed or can enter if EU resident. Negative PCR or AG test required. Self-isolate for 48h, then PCR/AG. Masks mandatory indoors and outdoors in areas like Var (except natural areas, beaches and forests) until 7-1-22 and Alpes Maritimes (except natural areas, ‘urban green spaces’ and ‘edges of water’ such as lakes and beaches).

The border crossing (Eurotunnel) between the UK and France has never been more busy (days before the above ruling came into place). We have never seen more GB cars on the road driving to the south of France. However, many decided to go to Spain further to realising that they have to wear face masks outdoors, even when no one is around.

Spain – All arrivals need a COVID pass or negative PCR or AG test. From ‘High Risk Countries’ all must have a COVID pass and negative PCR or AG test. Face masks mandatory indoors, outdoors where can’t maintain a social distance. Some regions require a COVID pass for restaurants.

Most prefer Spain as a holiday destination now. Scandinavia is also a very popular destination.

UK – All arrivals need a negative AG and have to take a PCR in the UK on day 2. Many are concerned due to the NHS’s policy to test human DNA along with viral RNA/DNA without patient consent. Private laboratories in the UK have confirmed that they do no patient DNA testing without patient consent (in writing). No masks are required outdoors or indoors in restaurants, hotels or other spaces (except in shops, health related settings and public transport such as the underground trains). It must be said that the UK allows the general public to not wear face masks if face masks cause “severe distress” and that no medical or GP letter is required. Some individuals wear a ‘exempt from wearing a face mask’ sign around their necks. We have observed that more or less 50% of individuals do not wear face masks indoors in many settings such as shops (London, Cambridge etc). People who do not wear face masks are treated with respect (November, December); no hostility or rudeness has been identified. Some contexts do however require a negative AG test, such as shows or musicals in London, even if fully vaccinated, which most agree makes little clinical sense and only causes fear and frustration.

In general the “atmosphere of fear” is much less in countries like France and South Africa, compared to the UK, because “it is clear that in the UK the pandemic is government lead, rather than clinically (medical doctors with clinical experience) lead (ideally you want health crises to be lead by both working collaboratively like in Singapore), so you are not in the hands of doctors, and this causes a lot of people a lot of panic” (Medical specialist), however, the UK currently offers more liberty and normalcy in the context of face masks. Face masks were not mandatory in any context, except perhaps health contexts, from the early summer to December 2021 in the UK, with very good clinical results.

USA – Arrivals need proof of vaccines, as well as a negative AG test. Many states such as Florida have no mandatory initiatives not based on good evidence in place, and follow only good clinical evidence. This includes no mandatory face masks, no mandatory vaccines, no need to show evidence of vaccines to enter into shops, restaurants etc. Disney is the only theme park, we are informed, that still has mandatory face mask policies. Colleagues and patients now inform us that they will return to Disney after they have the same policies as the other theme parks in terms of face masks. Most people respond that the USA offers wonderful and evidence-based experiences in many states, and recommends the USA as a travel destination.

Some colleagues in Asian countries now report that “things have changed, we are following the EU and UK’s approaches, which do not work”. Examples include individuals who have had 3 vaccines, not high risk for severe COVID-19, are asked, further to positive contacts in establishments, to remain at home and report for 3 PCR tests, nasopharyngeal samples taken. Individuals report that they “stand for hours outside in the cold and rain” to wait for these tests, which increase risk for any infectious disease. Many Asian countries followed only good clinical evidence from day 1, and we were inspired by their consistent and congruent (Health, Government and General Public) evidence-based approaches, prioritising education, autonomy, liberty and normalcy, however, many now report “pressure from the old world”, despite excellent clinical outcomes due to their initial approaches.

South Africa – Arrivals need proof of negative PCR tests. We have identified no statements regarding proof of vaccines. Face masks are mandatory indoors and outdoors. Many medical colleagues avoid South Africa, due to face mask rules and because they avoid PCR tests if no clinical indications, because PCR tests can remain positive for several months (and many countries then enforce self-isolation or quarantine for extended periods without clinical indications). Most medical colleagues report that they do not believe that South Africa is high risk in the context of COVID, quite the contrary. We have written extensively about South Africa’s risks and strengths.

We recommend that you consider the government website above, relevant for most countries, as well as the government advice of the host country (where you are travelling to) for up to date advice, as advice or rules often change without much notice.

It is important to note that many countries and many leaders have the best interests of the general public at heart. Medical emergencies or crises or challenges are not easy to understand without good clinical training and extensive clinical experience. Let’s rely on good clinical evidence and liaison with the appropriate clinical professionals.

We have taken note of nations who followed good clinical evidence at the time of our crossing (however, approaches now appear to vary due to “pressure from the old world” we are told) such as;

• India – symptoms and temperature screens in place mere days after the announcement of the outbreak

• Sri Lanka – as above

• Maldives – as above

• Singapore – as above

• Malaysia – as above

• France – focus on the 3 items above (until recently)

• South Africa – focus on the 3 items above (unfortunately face masks are not evidence-based initiatives i.e. based on good clinical evidence, this deters many people from visiting)

and who offered friendly, helpful and supportive input to tourists or travellers such as;

• North America (Hawaii and California – unfortunately masks were mandatory in California at the time)

• France – as above, a welcoming and lack of fear atmosphere is presented, which is appreciated by many

• South Africa – as above

• Sweden

• Italy and the rest of the EU before recent changes where free movement has been discontinued before Christmas

Some countries made it very difficult to cross borders due to rudeness, shouting or increasing risk by encouraging hoarding. Details will not be shared. Some countries stated that it was their aim to make it difficult or “near impossible” to travel, which does not respect the ‘first do no harm’ rule most medical doctors adhere to.

Most colleagues agree that no good clinical evidence or clinical reasoning supports these changes relating to travel or border crossings, and that these changes, associated with deprivation of liberty, autonomy, normalcy and chronic anxiety or frustration increase risk and harm markedly from bio-psycho-social point of view.

It is our understanding that the UK plans to reverse all initiatives put in place mere weeks ago due to this new variant, which most agree, does not pose an increased clinical risk (please see statements previous post). South Africa was asked what their opinion was of the UK’s approach to this variant and the word “hysterical” was used. Many medical doctors and professionals or experts in this field agree that face masks can also be summarised under this heading. South Africa has taken an approach relatively similar to many countries in Asia in many ways, an evidence-based clinical approach, except for the mandatory face mask initiative which has continued to concern most.

Much have changed in the EU and the UK since the following information, below, was provided in October 2021:

WHO  “Widespread screening of asymptomatic individuals is not a currently recommended strategy due to the significant costs associated with it and the lack of data on its operational effectiveness.”

CDC  “Fully vaccinated people can refrain from routine screening testing if feasible.”

ECDC  “On this basis, national authorities are recommended to consider lifting temporary entry measures such as quarantine and testing for air travellers that have been fully vaccinated or have recovered from the disease … to facilitate free movement during the COVID-19 pandemic.”

Testing before and after Crossing Borders: 

Most professionals agree that there is no good clinical evidence that supports routine testing or requesting evidence of vaccines when crossing borders.

• Tests required to cross borders have been discontinued in at least 27 countries such as relating to the EU (this has now changed, as mentioned above).

• Statistics relating to serious cases identified or mortality do not increase further to discontinued testing.

• Most now agree that PCR tests are not reliable routine screening tools, due to the possibility of the tests remaining positive for several months, and have recommended that all routine tests now discontinue for those without signs or symptoms indicating an active infection.

• Professionals have raised concerns regarding increased harm and risk secondary to special investigations / medical tests required without clinical indication (direct eg due to nasopharyngeal testing and indirect consequences).

• Most medical doctors agree that medical testing requires clinical indications for the specific person in accordance with good practice guidelines to be lawful and ethical, and that nasopharyngeal testing is not clinically preferable to anterior nasal, oral or oropharyngeal samples, and associated with unnecessary increased risk.

• Many medical colleagues report that they have avoided nasopharyngeal testing or any test not self-administered in the context of COVID-19, and that they now avoid settings where testing is required without clinical indications of an infection.   

• Most agree that the gathering of genetic, biometric or personal data through COVID testing, or when sharing evidence of vaccines, should not be allowed, this includes personal photographs, personal videos, date of birth and personal addresses (date of birth and personal address can be shared as part of medical information on medical documents to be kept secure and confidential as medical records by medical/health services), considering some individuals work in high risk fields, and considering that some governments have collected human DNA samples without patient consent during COVID tests.

• “The roadmap, proposed by three members of Singapore’s Covid-19 task force, would scrap lockdowns and mass contact tracing and allow for a return to quarantine-free travel and the resumption of large gatherings. It would even stop counting the daily Covid cases … The good news is that it is possible to live normally with it in our midst,” said Singapore’s Trade Minister Gan Kim Yong, Finance Minister Lawrence Wong and Health Minister Ong Ye Kung.

• “The Western Cape will argue for an end to the National State of Disaster. National Government cannot use this extreme tool indefinitely, especially if we are to grow the economy, create jobs & recover …The hard truth is that we cannot be in this state of disaster forever, and we need to have a frank discussion on how we will continue to manage Covid-19 in the future without relying on this extreme instrument”… “It is simply not justifiable to impose restrictions on the economy, especially at a time when we are facing a terrifying unemployment crisis, and when the data clearly demonstrates that our healthcare platform has more than adequate capacity to respond.” Mr Alan Winde, Premier of South Africa’s Western Cape province

Current CDC guidance for cruise ships include “advising passengers and crew on ships with 95% of crew and 95% of passengers who are fully vaccinated that they do not have to wear a mask or maintain physical distance in any areas”. 

Most agree that it is essential, considering longstanding risk management, for cruise ships to ensure adequate ventilation and space to avoid crowding, especially during boarding, disembarkation, initial emergency and safety drills, “where hundreds or thousands stand together right next to each other in terrible heat often listening to emergency drill announcements in 5 languages, whilst sharing all available germs amongst each other”, Medical specialist.  Some ships offer these safety measures in a context of air conditioning, seating and adequate spacing, which benefits the public, especially individuals with certain health conditions.  Concerns have been raised regarding dining or food etiquette and supervising children at all times, especially at buffets.  Concerns have also been raised regarding mosquito infested public transport in tropical areas where serious mosquito-born illnesses are common.  Simple measures can reduce risk significantly. 

According to IATA, studies regarding flights indicate the “actual safety of airplane cabins in terms of pathogen transmission”.  These include a recent study where Airbus used computational fluid dynamics (CFD) research to create a “highly accurate simulation of the air in an A320 cabin, to see how droplets resulting from a cough move within the cabin airflow”. The simulation calculated parameters such as air speed, direction and temperature at 50 million points in the cabin, up to 1,000 times per second. The same tools were used to model a non-aircraft environment, with several individuals keeping six feet (1.8 meters) distance between them. The result was that potential exposure was lower when seated side by side on a plane than when staying six feet apart in an environment such as an office, classroom or grocery store.  

These findings were replicated through an independent study by Boeing, which similarly concluded that, based on the airborne particle count, passengers sitting next to one another on an airplane is the same as standing more than seven feet (or two meters) apart in a typical building environment.  A United Sates Transportation Command (USTRANSCOM) study demonstrated that released aerosol (and pathogens) was rapidly diluted by the high air exchange rates observed in the airframes. The time the aerosol tracer particles remained detectable within the cabin averaged less than six minutes. For comparison, a typical American home takes around 90 minutes to clear these types of particles from the air.  The high air exchange coupled with high efficiency particulate air (HEPA) filtration of all recirculated air, means a commercial aircraft’s air supply system provides protection greater than the design standards for a patient isolation room or a hospital operating room.  

Vaccine Certificates or Vaccine Passports: 

Most professionals and medical doctors agree that there is no good clinical evidence that supports vaccine certificates as a requirement to enter shops, restaurants or cross borders for the general public.

The WHO agrees that travel should not be refused for those without vaccines. 

There is no current recommendations from the WHO, ECDC or CDC regarding vaccine passports required for shops or restaurants.  

We have travelled in countries where vaccine certificates are required to enter shops or restaurants and where none are required; significant anxiety, anger, frustration and expressed low mood are evident in areas where certificates are required.  The following is relevant: 

• Vaccine certificates required in restaurants and shops have been discontinued after a short period in several countries such as Denmark, and was never introduced in many countries such as the UK.

• Statistics relating to serious cases identified or mortality do not increase or decrease further to these policies and most agree that no good clinical evidence supports these strategies.    

• Professionals are concerned that this initiative will contribute to increased mental health morbidity (and eventually mortality) and social risk.

• 40-50% of restaurants or shops do not ask for evidence of vaccines where this is required as per national policy, as per our observation. 

• 25-50% vaccines apps are reported to malfunction, especially when required in short succession, as reported.

• Business owners usually allow patrons to enter establishments when the app does not work.

• Vaccine certificate requirements are often associated with no requirement for face masks in establishments, however, most businesses decide to ignore this advice and continue with mandatory face mask policies.

• Most shops or restaurants are not concerned by patrons (or staff) who present with symptoms of respiratory infections.  

• Most medical doctors agree that paper copies of vaccine evidence are the most reliable tool and should be used/sufficient for travel (“medical documents have been used in this format for official matters for decades”). 

• Most agree that the gathering of genetic, biometric or personal data through COVID testing, or when sharing evidence of vaccines, should not be allowed, this includes personal photographs, personal videos, date of birth and personal addresses (date of birth and personal address can be shared as part of medical information on medical documents to be kept secure and confidential as medical records by medical/health services), considering that some governments have collected human DNA samples (not only viral genetic data) without patient consent during COVID tests (many doctors are concerned that this has prevented the public from getting tested if symptoms or concerns)–2 and considering some individuals work in high risk fields such as Police or individuals working in child protection contexts.

It is relevant to consider data relating to violence at work, March 2019,, and to consider that this research was not focused on individuals working in high risk fields, where stalking behaviour, threats, aggression and violence can be common. It is relevant to consider the recent increase in violent behaviour, as reported earlier. Violence (or threats) at work in CAMHS or Social Care settings has increased markedly, as reported by colleagues. We have previously written extensively regarding these concerns.

Further to recent liaison with a colleague in Asia we are informed that the focus remains on good clinical evidence; identifying a raised temperature and enquiring about symptoms. The focus is placed on clinical evidence of a clinical infection and associated risk. The responsibility is however given to the specific person or patient. No sworn statements, completion of forms or evidence of vaccines are required. Tests are encouraged only further to clinical indications of a clinical infection; symptoms or signs such as a raised temperature. This is however now changing in some countries, as mentioned above.

“I am asked to get 3 vaccines, but for what, even with 3 vaccines I am still forced to wear a face mask, no good evidence, to get tested when I do this or that even if no symptoms, to go into quarantine hotels even if no symptoms, so that they can make more profits, where are the lawyers in all of this, this is not just cruel, it is not just psychological warfare or assault, it is far worse than that, this virus does not necessitate any of this, this is sadly about profit and power and a long game we perhaps don’t see, but it will hurt most people irreversibly”, Medical Specialist, expert in the field for several decades.

Let’s listen to professionals, experts, medical doctors, the general public, to adults and to children, because they are telling us what they are angry, anxious and sad about. Let’s address their concerns. This will increase education, compliance, calm and positive outcomes.

Many are saying that they will get vaccines “if it means no masks, no tests, no quarantine, bring back normal and freedom, but no, we are coerced and forced and lied to, and we still need to be the parrot in the cage with the muzzle, now I am asked to trust”, 75 year old.

“The routes open to travel are most interesting, it speaks of political agenda and not clinical. Clinical thinking has patterns easy to see, because most doctors understand viruses or infectious diseases and vaccines, and political patterns are also now predictable to see after nearly two years, who stands together and who stands with good evidence is clear” GP with law degree.

“Every medical doctor I spoke to said they will bring darkness before Christmas, because how better do you make a statement, cause fear and bring control, and we knew this new variant had to be sold as if it was a big risk, how else would this be justified, and more testing and more vaccines justified, it is very bad, my spirits of hope have been broken”, Medical Specialist working with children.

Let’s be honest. Let’s follow good clinical evidence. Let’s listen to professionals and experts in the field. Let’s listen to medical doctors.

To protect the future we need to focus on preventing harm and risk for our children.

Please see previous post for information relating to protecting children with statistics illustrating increased risk and harm by 1000% in some cases.

“It is super interesting how the climate is a perfect distraction, and another story of fear, so that we don’t focus on current mental health problems and child abuse, on the lies, corruption, profit and gain in terms of power, making millions off the backs of vulnerable children in CAMHS or social care, look at what the (NHS) leaders (or managers) take home every year, look at what the children get in terms of services, everything on the cheap, not much hope to get better – look at what is going on right now – who worries about the future if your children are not safe right now (see current child abuse statistics and relating to mental health) – look at animals – they protect their children – first and always – when their house is in order and their children are safe and healthy – then they plan for tomorrow. Most animals don’t prioritise profit and power above their children, perhaps this is why children are suffering. We fall for the distractions and the ghost stories like 3 year old children, we should be adults and ask the right questions”, Psychologist, 20 years of experience in CAMHS

“Have we learnt nothing from World War II – statements such as ‘we were just following orders, obeying the law’, what about natural law, what about previous laws put in place to safeguard. Have we learnt nothing. Have we forgotten. Are we so busy with electronics that we don’t look up and see freedom is missing. People say they don’t get off their machines or electronics, because they cannot face the world, life, reality. So no one asks questions. Everyone is mute. No one says anything. Everyone says they feel or are terrorised like never before, and doctors say there is a war against them, because emergency laws have made all their opinions invalid. My friends tell me to watch the documentaries about how people are making billions during the pandemic. This is worse than anything, because so many players are involved and it is sold as ‘safe’ when it is the opposite.” Veteran, medical background

Let’s work together – good evidence in relation to health, mental health and social protection is step 1, education is step 2, maintaining calm and positive mental states step 3.

We recommend vaccines for most adults, especially adults who are high risk for severe COVID-19. We recommend that patients talk to their doctors about risks and benefits for themselves as individuals. This is a clinical decision and a clinical approach is required. Most doctors continue to report that they prefer the Astra Zeneca vaccine, however, most report it is difficult to find this vaccine or the booster in the UK. Many prefer this vaccine due to the organisation’s vow to not make a profit during the pandemic, which is an ethical step to take during a global health crisis. Many report that “Astra is penalised because of their vow or sabotaged, because other organisations want to profit during the pandemic”.

We, like most of our medical colleagues, do however not agree that vaccines for COVID-19 should be mandatory. It is our understanding that the WHO also agreed with this sentiment in October (we have not reviewed their guidelines on this matter since October). Coercion is not a clinically appropriate, medico-legal or ethical approach. We would however recommend education and making it clear that vaccines are associated with bio-psycho-social benefits (bio – protection against this virus to avoid serious symptoms or hospitalisation, psycho – less anxiety regarding ‘getting sick’ and social – more doors will open in terms of joining social events or busy markets). This suggestion has been posed to us – that individuals are informed that further to vaccines, they would enjoy certain benefits such as ‘never hearing the word face mask again in any public settings’ – most of our patients and colleagues report that this would improve compliance with 1000% or more.

We recommend following good clinical evidence and the advice of medical doctors with good clinical training and clinical experience. We recommend that individuals with a raised temperature or symptoms relating to a cold or flu remain home and get tested. We recommend that you wash your hands before eating or touching your face. These are examples of evidence-based approaches.

As mentioned before, we always recommend following government guidelines, recommendations and rules. If you have concerns, raise concerns and ask questions in appropriate and respectful ways. You will be surprised to find how may share your concerns and want to hear from you. However remember Newton’s 3d law – if you push hard, you will often receive the same response, so be gentle, do your homework, have the right priorities in mind, but don’t give up. “It always seems impossible until it’s done.” Nelson Mandela

Lao Tzu “A leader is best when people barely know he exists, when his work is done, his aim fulfilled, they will say: we did it ourselves.”

“The best leaders are people who don’t want to be leaders or who don’t want to have a spotlight on them”. 16 year old child

Current Statistics – deaths/million:

Singapore 139, South Korea 83, Malaysia 966, Thailand 304, Maldives 687, Sweden 1476, Finland 257, Norway 212, Denmark 515, South Africa 1539, UK 2184, France 1707, Italy 2236, Spain 1877, Portugal 1816, Greece 1796, Belgium 2394, Netherlands 1134

Let’s report accurately and look at the numbers. Let’s learn from countries who have managed previous Coronavirus outbreaks successfully.

We were interested to see that some countries such as the UK state that positive tests are referred to government officials (Test and Trace – we were informed that they are two separate organisations), no medical doctor’s opinion or recommendation will be considered. This approach is very different compared to South Korea, Singapore, Sweden (we understand Scandinavia too) or South Africa, where medical opinions and recommendations are prioritised. Public Health England shares these concerns.

We were in Asia for the first few months of the pandemic. We were inspired by their calm, positive, evidence-based, congruent and consistent approach. No mandatory face mask initiatives were present during these times in Asia where we travelled, including on airplanes. No face masks are currently mandatory in Sweden, Finland, Norway and Denmark. We have previously provided information on clinical outcomes.

Following good clinical evidence is a simple, yet effective approach, and the first step to protecting children’s well-being, development, mental health and physical health.

#Holiday #HolidayDestination #cruise #CruiseShip #Flights #Travel #Tourist #Borders #Evidence #Health #Children #Protection #Evidence #Statistics #Compliance #vaccines #Mandela #LaoTzu #respect #success #Don’tGiveUp #leadership

Nuts of Normalcy for Winter

Nuts of Normalcy for Winter

A medical colleague in Cambridge recently reported “I want to find normalcy for Christmas, my health needs this to carry on, it is urgent”. Many share his wishes. Concerns relating to serious medical problems, not related to COVID-19, have increased markedly for many (many relating to the immune system or chronic ‘stress’). Referrals for serious mental health concerns have also increased markedly, 500% or more, based on reports, including relating to professionals with no predisposing factors. Co-morbid concerns include increase in aggression and violence, often at home (at least 300%, many report 10x this figure), child abuse (nearly 100%, many report at least 20x this figure), drug and alcohol use (400%, many report 10-20x this figure). Many report “I used to have a few glasses of wine on a Saturday (1-4), now I drink every day, starting in the morning, and I mostly drink vodka (up to 9 units per day)”, 50 year old professional. We have not liaised with one person who have not reported a marked increase in alcohol consumption “due to rules, not fear of the virus”, as reported by most.

Colleagues including medical doctors are asking where they can travel during Christmas to find;

• normalcy

• liberty

• autonomy (“where I am allowed to educate myself and follow good clinical evidence”, GP)

• a focus on good clinical evidence (eg no mandatory face masks in the general public indoors or outdoors or in flights, no mandatory tests when no clinical indication, no mandatory vaccines and boosters, and “no showing the dreaded sign on your phone that proves you have been vaccinated, so that you can enter or eat or shop or buy food i.e. live”, medical specialist).

“Crossing the Eurotunnel I am usually asked – has your dog been vaccinated – this time I was asked only one question – have you been vaccinated. It is time to follow clinical thinking for this infectious disease and this virus – it is not hard.” GP

Many are concerned that no flights offer the above 4 protective factors, “which means we are all stuck in dark prisons, because many doctors want to avoid rules not based on good evidence”, GP. Hong Kong’s Cathay Pacific has an option, however, very expensive.

Good clinical evidence is recognised not only by professionals in the field, by medical doctors with extensive clinical training and clinical experience, but also by the general public and children.

We have never been approached by more individuals in Cambridge sharing thoughts or concerns – all congruent with this summary. Various fields are represented including International Travel leads for County Councils, Criminal Justice, Health, Law, Social Care, Education, Optometrists, Dentists, Driving Instructors, Hair Stylists, Bakers and Business leaders.

Children report “I want normal to come back for Christmas, I don’t want to show a sign to be allowed to go into a shop or restaurant, and I don’t want to be forced to wear masks, I am tired of being forced every day, a mask is a symbol of submission, control and being a prisoner without a voice, I am tired of it, my friends all say it will never end”, 14 year old planning to study Law.

Referrals of CAMHS have increased by at least 1000% as reported. Waiting lists were usually 100 children, sometimes 300 for certain teams, however, teams are now reporting waiting lists of at least 1200 children.

Children are informed that they have to wait 3-5 years for an assessment (no longer 2 years).

Children are also informed that they will likely not be assessed by a Child Psychiatrist (the only medical specialist with specialist training in child mental health and neurodevelopmental problems such as ADHD or ASD). Child Psychiatrists are now informed that CAMHS (Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services) prefer to use psychologists or other doctors without specialist training such as paediatricians or adult psychiatrists, because they see “up to 10x more children per day”. Child Psychiatrists have raised concerns regarding inaccurate diagnoses, prescribing and over prescribing in this context. More at the end of this posting.

Paediatricians, nurses, social workers, psychologists, therapists, adult psychiatrists or doctors without specialist training (staff grades) and other mental health professionals, such as occupational therapist or speech therapists, are exceptionally valuable team members with valuable and unique skills required for CAMHS teams to provide families with a multi-disciplinary treatment plan to improve prognosis (short term and long term outcomes). Children cannot function well if their parents present with serious and untreated mental health problems. A systemic approach is required.

Every professional has a different perspective based on training and experience (and sometimes interest). We learn from these professionals on a daily basis and they continue to expire us. For example – We have a family therapist colleague in Cambridge, always insightful and measured, able to assist families and change a poor prognosis into a good prognosis with a few sessions. We have psychology colleagues with exceptional skills in CBT to assist children with severe OCD (Obsessional Compulsive Disorder) and various phobias, where most therapists or doctors will struggle to change a poor prognosis into a good prognosis. Psychology colleagues also provide excellent insights in terms of children’s learning profiles (different learning strengths and weaknesses); treatment plans usually require insight into learning profiles.

Paediatric colleagues offer helpful insights in relation to children presenting with head injuries, Migraine or Epilepsy, or general health concern such as cardiac problems. Medical nursing colleagues are incredibly valuable during medical emergencies due to their consistent level heads and medical or nursing contributions. Psychiatric nurses are incredibly valuable during psycho-social emergencies, many have backgrounds working as Police Officers, which makes for incredibly valuable team members due to their ability to think systemically and manage risk successfully (deescalate rather than escalate).

Benefits of working with colleagues in multi-disciplinary areas such as nurses, psychologists, different therapists, paediatricians are too numerous to describe.

Most Child Psychiatrists have extensive training and experience in assessing and managing high risk and complex presentations relating to neurodevelopment (eg ADHD or ASD) and children’s mental health, and training and experience in at least 5-6 psychotherapies, along with social interventions (knowing which child and which presentation will likely benefit from which psycho-social approach), which means medication can often be avoided or kept to a minimum, and children’s needs can be identified and met without delay.

Differential diagnoses (different diagnoses that present as similar) and comorbidities (eg children with ADHD often present with many comorbidities such as difficulties relating to depression and anxiety) are frequent in CAMHS. The word ‘CAMHS’ usually refers to Tier 3 CAMHS – children’s specialist services, and most children, at least 90%, are usually referred with complex (possibly more than one difficulty, challenge or diagnosis) and high risk presentations. This varies from team to team for example children in Cambridge often present with a lower risk compared to children in Chester. CAMHS also should have a Tier 1 (before referral is made to the GP – focussed on prevention) and a Tier 2 (Primary Care or GP level input required), also often aimed at prevention. Serious mental health problems in children such as relating to possible depression or anxiety disorders are usually referred to Tier 3. Tier 4 refers to inpatient care, which is usually avoided where possible with children (only in high risk contexts are children admitted where clinically indicated – many high risk children are not admitted). Problems such as school refusal (without concerns relating to mental health) or night terrors can often be managed within Tier 1 or Tier 2 and no specialist mental health care is usually needed.

Child Psychiatrists are now (2021) informed by medical directors or IT departments of some NHS Trusts that they continue to prefer that they work remotely, which most are happy with (many CAMHS teams have limited office space, some specialists are asked to work in kitchens or storage rooms and often no admin or computers available), however, that they need to remain in the UK during this time at all times, which means many teams are now without any Child Psychiatrist or doctor with AC status to support children under the Mental Health Act. Many, including professionals in leadership positions in the NHS for 30 years, report “this is personal and due to Brexit”, which makes little sense. Specialist children’s mental health teams are now losing specialists or have no specialists/consultants in Child Psychiatry due to these decisions, not based on national or international policies or laws. Most medical doctors or specialists are happy to be in the UK within 24-48 hours if clinically indicated for any patient including for NHS work, however, in at least 10 years, this has never been clinically indicated, required or asked of us (we have provided online assessments and consultation, remote work, including attendance of Court and Tribunals for charity and private organisations, as well as for the NHS, since 2009).

Child psychiatrists usually work in a context where social workers, emergency department doctors, nurses and other professionals work with them (with the ongoing support and consultation from child psychiatrists). In person attendance is not often required, even in emergencies. Exceptions relate to for instance hard to reach children who initially refuse to engage. In person assessments are then essential, however, in the last 10 years we know of no NHS Trusts who have offered services to hard to reach children, children who refuse to engage. Many children and families or carers report that they prefer it if child psychiatrists work remotely, because then “we can stay at home, it is easier and more practical” and many report “it is less scary”. We, as an organisation, complete regular surveys and audits in this context.

We have offered NHS Trusts remote work, online work, and we have engaged in online consultation to assess and treat children in the UK since 2009 with good clinical outcomes. Our work will not be continue with this new change in place. No national or international policy supports this change. This timing, during this pandemic, could not be worse, or more curious. There are 1500 Child Psychiatrists in the UK, 0.4% of the medical workforce. Child Psychiatrists are now on long term sick leave stating “the system is broken, children’s care is not prioritised, I can’t work like this”, taking early retirement or are leaving the UK. Many of our colleagues now work abroad.

Please see more information relating to increased risk and harm for children during the pandemic at the end of the page.

We liaised with groups of American tourists in Italy, all reported that they prioritised the above 4 items and that “this is the best time to travel”, as reported by medical doctors. None wore face masks (this was allowed in this context – being outside).

We must add that this was in October/November, before the dramatic change in the EU recently which now means no freedom of movement in the EU.

We liaised with a group of American tourists in London recently (November/beginning December), most were aged 75 to 85. Most presented with more than one serious chronic medical problem including various malignancies (many were high risk for severe COVID). Many showed their wheelchairs, prostheses, wigs and reported hair loss due to various treatments, “but nothing will stop us to live our lives, I have had two different cancers, do you think I have time to waste and I can’t think for myself”, as reported by a 75 year old. Many reported “life is for living, no day must be wasted, I have no days to waste for agendas that are not mine, when someone tries to scare you – always be suspicious, that is how wars are started, good evidence should be in charge, always, we’ve been through war in our life times, we recognise human problems when we see it, and we are doctors – we know what is virus and what is not virus.” None wore face masks (this was allowed in this context – in a hotel, pub, restaurant or outside).

Most report that they aim to avoid contexts where masks are mandatory. In the UK at the time face masks were not mandatory in any indoor establishments such as hotels or restaurants, however masks were mandatory for shops and public transport (not all taxis). Masks were not mandatory in any context in the general public, except for health settings (however masks were handed to patients with unwashed hands in hospitals) until a few days prior to our meeting.

More or less 50% of the general public wore a sign around their necks stating that ‘I am exempt’ and that they do not need to wear a face mask in any context, based on our observation in London and Cambridge, as well as surrounding areas such as Milton Keynes. Tests were required before engaging in general life such as watching a show in London, which many were unhappy with, and many in the general public reported that their friends now insist on a negative test before they visit, which is unfortunate. More or less 50% of individuals we liaised with reported that close friendships had “broken up because of imposed rules”. “Great dramas about boosters and timing and why Astra Zeneca is not available are very sad and not clinically sensible, it is clear this is political not clinical”, GP. “The little test centres set up saying ‘so you tested negative today, have another test’ is also very far from clinically reasonable or appropriate, and motives are apparent”, GP.

“Most people, at least 90%, from observation, wear masks in ways that will increase biological risk (relating to infectious diseases). There is no good evidence to support masks in the public, but if you do want to wear a mask, wear a mask safely, otherwise you increase biological risk for infection, different infections, significantly. I see people put them open on tables in restaurants, others walk by and cough on them. I see people in hospitals hand patients masks with their dirty hands, masks that have been open all day, as people walked next to them coughing and sneezing. You make a mask a little petri dish for infections and then you breathe into it all day.” GP. The WHO provides information on safe mask wearing. We have previously provided links.

Many now report “I am keeping a good eye to see which countries make their rules more strict or cruel before Christmas, because it says everything, especially when not based on good evidence, because almost all good doctors and professionals said in the Summer that this virus has no where left to go to become more dangerous (following the pattern of previous viral outbreaks in this context), now presenting with much more mild symptoms like hay fever sniffles mostly – political patterns during these days are predictable, we knew people would turn off more lights before Christmas, and I will plan where my family moves to next year by what a country prioritises – my vote is good evidence, freedom, equality, autonomy, the right to have a normal life and be educated and make your own decisions, with other words, to live in the light, not the dark ages – my vote is Florida” (medical specialist, 20 years experience). Many colleagues report that they plan to move to Florida.

We certainly recommend sharing concerns with authorities, however, in curious and respectful ways with the aim to learn, to educate yourself and your loved ones along with the general public, to protect and work together with all parties and all nations. Education is the first step to liberty, autonomy and collaboration.

Liberty, autonomy, education, normalcy, following good clinical (medical or scientific) evidence are very significant protective factors for general health (strong immune system), mental health and social well-being (eg peace, safety); this is based on consistent and longstanding good clinical evidence. Most medical doctors always adhere to these principles starting with first do no harm.

Many is concerned that risk is increased and harm is caused by initiatives not based on good clinical evidence, that continue and escalate, now, 2 years after the onset of this viral outbreak.

“They force you to have 3 vaccines, which is not clinically necessary or recommended for most, then they force you to still wear a face mask, never good evidence and harms many or most, then they force you to still be tested like a guinea pig for no clinical reason, and be quarantined, also no clinical reason – there is no clinical evidence for any of this, and if medical doctors did any of this, even one thing, without good clinical evidence and patient consent, it would be considered assault, this we all know”, medical specialist with law degree.

Many colleagues report that they have cancelled their holidays to countries such as South Africa, not due to the traffic light system, which most agree is not based on clinical evidence and not appropriate during this pandemic in most contexts, but due to mandatory face masks and “rules depriving liberty, autonomy and normal”, GP.

Countries offering the above protective factors at the moment (this often varies from time to time):

• Sweden

• Norway

• Denmark

• Finland

• States in the USA such as Florida

These countries present with much better statistics compared to many others. Countries who followed good clinical evidence from the start, such as Singapore or South Korea, continue to present with good statistics, however, many report “pressure from the old world” to follow their lead.

We want to thank the countries and leaders who follow good clinical evidence and prioritise protective factors, especially when a consistent approach is applied. You are saving lives, especially lives of children.

More nuts for the winter – more information to assist with education: Quotes, definition and helpful information (Oct and early Nov)

WHO  “At present there is only limited and inconsistent scientific evidence to support the effectiveness of masking healthy people in the community to prevent infection with respiratory viruses, including SARS-CoV-2”  More details at and and

Dr A Tegnell noted that Sweden had seen fewer extra deaths in 2020 than most other European countries which imposed lockdowns (or face masks).  Reuters reported in March that preliminary data from EU statistics agency Eurostat suggested that Sweden had excess mortality of 7.7% for 2020, compared to 18.1% and 16.2% for Spain and Belgium.

Indiscriminate mandatory face mask policies have been discontinued in several countries such as Denmark, Finland, Norway and the UK. Statistics relating to serious cases identified or mortality do not increase further to discontinued face mask wearing, the opposite is often observed.  

Aggressive and violent behaviour due to face mask wearing policies has increased markedly on airplanes.  “The overall number of incidents (unruly behaviour) this year is already more than all flight disruptions for the last 15 years together, according to FAA data.” 

Statistics and Definitions: Many agree that it is important to consider statistics relating to serious cases and mortalities, and are concerned that medical data is not accurately recorded.

Many families and medical colleagues report ongoing concerns regarding ’cause of death’ reported as COVID-19 when patients presented with longstanding health problems such as malignancies or recent trauma such as motor vehicle accidents. One major leading hospital in the UK recently reported to a family that they get a “financial grant” for every COVID-19 death. The hospital did however agree to change the ’cause of death’ for the family member.

Many professionals agree that COVID-19 deaths are recorded in such a way, due to definitions or guidelines, that mortalities due to COVID-19 is likely much lower than recorded in many countries; “people who die with positive tests a month ago, who never had symptoms of covid, but died in a car crash, are marked as covid deaths …” and “many countries mark the same person as ‘new case’ in their country, because they don’t bother to take a history or to record medical information at all or accurately, whatever happened to accountability and good medical practice”, Medical specialist.  

Some nations, committed to accurate medical reporting, have audited statistics, as per good medical or clinical practice guidelines.  “On re-evaluation by the National Institute of Health, only 12% of death certificates have shown a direct causality from coronavirus, while 88% of patients who have died have at least one pre-morbidity, many had two or three.”  Prof W Ricciardi, Italy 

The WHO international guidelines define deaths due to COVID-19 as “a death resulting from a clinically compatible illness, in a probable or confirmed COVID-19 case, unless there is a clear alternative cause of death that cannot be related to COVID disease (e.g. trauma). There should be no period of complete recovery from COVID-19 between illness and death.”  

Public Health England defines a covid-related death as “a death in a person with a laboratory-confirmed positive COVID-19 test and died within (equal to or less than) 28 days of the first positive specimen date”.  Many agree that this definition will result in “an enormous amount of false positives”.  

Most professionals agree that these marked variations in definitions and guidelines will also help to explain the different mortality rates due to COVID-19 in different countries. 

We have been asked to comment on COVID-19 in the context of other relatively common infectious diseases and mortality or infection or case fatality rates.  We have, but will share details on this forum in later posts. However, in 2020, before vaccines were available, the following statements were published:

• “80% of the time COVID-19 is a mild disease that feels like a minor cold or cough.” Prof P Piot, Director for The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

• “95.5% of the general population will likely not require hospitalisation, only 4.5% of the global population will likely require hospitalisation if infected with SARS-CoV-2.” The London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine

• “Only 4% of those younger than 20 years could be at increased risk for severe COVID-19.”  This is an important and relevant statistic to consider when making ethical and lawful decisions regarding children in the context of the pandemic. “About 1 in 5 individuals worldwide could be at increased risk of severe COVID-19, should they become infected, due to underlying health conditions, but this risk varies considerably by age, for instance, the risk is 4% for those younger than 20 years and >66% for those 70 years and older.”

• Most medical doctors agreed in early 2020, “earlier estimates that 80% of infections are asymptomatic were too high and have since been revised down to between 17% and 20% of people with infections.” 

• Organisations including the WHO have reported on previous flu (influenza and coronavirus) outbreaks and related mortality rates before the pandemic: The WHO reports “650 000 people worldwide die of respiratory diseases linked to seasonal influenza each year, up to 72 000 of these occur in the WHO European region”.  

• A case fatality or mortality rate is estimated to be more or less 2% for COVID-19, some report 1-2%.

• The Imperial College, London, estimated an infection mortality rate for COVID-19 of more or less 1.15% in the UK and high income countries in October 2020. 

Mortality and morbidity rates can vary depending on a multitude of risk and protective factors, and over time, as is often observed in various infectious diseases or outbreaks.  These mortality rates are similar to, and sometimes lower than many other infectious diseases for many.  Many medical doctors continue to manage biological risks, with a risk much higher than COVID-19, on a daily basis without face masks, but by following good clinical evidence.  

We have expressed our concern regarding lack of education in the context of relatively common infectious diseases in the UK. Prevention cannot be achieved without education, especially in healthcare. Helpful information often available at

Vaccines and Boosters:

Prof S Gilbert, lead scientist for the Oxford vaccine, Astra-Zeneca, reported, Sept 2021, that “immunity from the vaccine was holding up well, even against the delta variant. While the elderly and those who are immune-compromised may need boosters, the standard two-dose regimen is providing lasting protection for most people … I don’t think we need to boost everybody. Immunity is lasting well in the majority of people” and there is “nowhere left for Covid to go to mutate into a deadly or much deadlier variant … there is no reason to think we will have a more virulent version of Sars-CoV-2 …viruses tend to become less virulent over time as they spread through a population becoming more immune.” and

WHO  “Vaccines are effective for protecting people from COVID-19. Governments and/or institutional policy-makers should use arguments to encourage voluntary vaccination against COVID-19 before contemplating mandatory vaccination. Introducing booster doses should be firmly evidence-driven and targeted to the population groups in greatest need. The rationale for implementing booster doses should be guided by evidence on waning vaccine effectiveness, in particular a decline in protection against severe disease in the general population or in high risk populations, or due to a circulating VOC. To date, the evidence remains limited and inconclusive on any widespread need for booster doses following a primary vaccination series. More evidence is needed on the use of the different COVID-19 vaccines in children to be able to make general recommendations on vaccinating children against COVID-19.  Vaccine trials for children are ongoing.” and

CDC  “COVID-19 vaccines are not mandated under Emergency Use Authorizations (EUAs). The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) does not mandate vaccination. People who are fully vaccinated can resume activities that they did prior to the pandemic.” The CDC recommends Pfizer-BioNTech’s boosters for individuals at high risk such as relating to age or underlying medical conditions. “More data on the effectiveness and safety of Moderna and J&J/Janssen booster shots are expected soon.” and and and

ECDC  “The majority of countries do not have mandatory vaccination in place for any population groups …The available evidence at this time regarding ‘real world’ vaccine effectiveness and the duration of protection shows that all vaccines authorised in the EU/EEA are currently highly protective against COVID-19-related hospitalisation, severe disease and death, suggesting there is no urgent need for the administration of booster doses of vaccines to fully vaccinated individuals in the general population.” and and  

Recommendations to safeguard children – most colleagues recommend ending indiscriminate mandatory initiatives, not based on good clinical evidence, where evidence exists that harm is caused and risk is increased without delay.

Most colleagues agree that face masks and vaccines should not be mandatory for children, unless specific indications, such as children presenting as high risk for severe COVID-19, then vaccines should be recommended, but still not mandatory.

Most children report significant distress and impairment secondary to mandatory mask wearing policies. Physical health, mental health and social risk is increased by initiatives not based on good evidence. Children with learning disabilities, ADHD, ASD or serious mental health problems have particular difficulties, however some children with significant anxiety report that “I will never stop wearing a mask, I can hide from the world and be safe from the world’s germs”, 16 year old. “It seems people with a premorbid personality of severe anxiety or insecurity are more comfortable with mask wearing”, GP.

Many children have not engaged in school for nearly 2 years due to school refusing to see children who had not been seen by CAMHS yet, and due to CAMHS long waiting lists. Children are harmed in many ways, considering a systemic view.

“The benefits of wearing masks in children for COVID-19 control should be weighed against potential harm associated with wearing masks, including feasibility and discomfort, as well as social and communication concerns.”  WHO

The WHO report that “More evidence is needed on the use of the different COVID-19 vaccines in children to be able to make general recommendations on vaccinating children against COVID-19.  Vaccine trials for children are ongoing.” and

Please consider full guidance of every organisation on every topic. 

Social risk has increased up to 4x (400%), some say more, for children due to indiscriminate mandatory initiatives not based on good clinical evidence, but with evidence that bio-psycho-social risk is increased and harm is caused.  Initiatives include mandatory face mask wearing indoors/outdoors, routine testing without clinical indications, stay at home messages, curfews, lockdown, self-isolation or quarantine (including hotel quarantine). Statistics relating to increased risk published in 2020:  

• 80-400% for children living with domestic abuse, parental drug/alcohol dependence and severe parental mental illness, England’s Children’s Commissioner. 18.6% of children in England (2.2 million) lived with domestic abuse, parental drug or alcohol dependency and/or severe parental mental illness before the pandemic. WHO. Ms Bhatia, deputy executive director, UN Women, reports “it provided institutional cover for people not being able to leave the house.  And so it just was, if you will, the perfect set of circumstances for a perpetrator of abuse”.  

• 300% in general violence. 80% in domestic violence, National Domestic Abuse Helpline.  In the UK, calls, emails and website visits to Respect, national domestic violence charity, increased 97%, 185% and 581% respectively.  “In the UK 14 women and 2 children were murdered in the first 3 weeks of lockdown, the highest figures in 11 years.” WHO

• 400% in alcohol abuse, Alcohol Change UK. The Royal College of Psychiatrists reported, Sept 2020, “8.5 million adults drinking at high risk (versus 4.8 million Feb 2020), while number of people addicted to opiates seeking help in April at highest level since 2015”.  Bans on alcohol sales often increase use of illicit drugs. 

• 30-65% in child abuse, 60% in online sexual abuse, NSPCC, 90% in child sexual exploitation, NCMEC.  Baseline before pandemic: “50% of children aged 2-17 suffered violence and 75% of children aged 2-4 years regularly suffered physical or psychological violence. Globally it is estimated that nearly 50%, 1 billion out of 2.2 billion children worldwide, aged 2-17, experienced child abuse in the past year”. WHO  

Mental health risk has increased up to 4-10x (400-1000%), some say more, for children due to indiscriminate mandatory initiatives not based on good clinical evidence, but with evidence that bio-psycho-social risk is increased and harm is caused.  Initiatives include mandatory face mask wearing indoors or outdoors, testing without clinical indications, stay at home messages, curfews, lockdown, self-isolation or quarantine.  Countries continue to report concerns such as “suicide rates soar”.  We were informed of the following pattern in one example:  >500 calls per day from individuals with suicidal ideation before the pandemic, 2x more during lockdown and 4x more currently (October 2021). Concerns appear to have doubled in CAMHS for children between October 2021 and December 2021, as per reports.

Children waiting for appointments at NHS CAMHS (Child and Adolescent Mental Health Services) in the UK has been described as record high (October 2021).  One Child Psychiatry consultant usually sees 50 children per year, significantly less if complex or high risk cases.  Many children are routinely informed that they have to wait at least 2 years for an assessment (more recently 3-5 years), which can relate to a significant increase in morbidity or complications and which can result in significantly poor prognoses.  

A 33% year-on-year increase in CAMHS referrals has been reported in the UK (between 2020 and 2021).  Public Health Scotland has reported that the number of children and young people waiting a year or more for specialist mental health care has increased by almost 115% in the last 12 months.  

Many CAMHS teams don’t accept referrals of children who externalise, rather than internalise, or who refuse or are unable to attend clinic (due to eg social phobias, germ phobias, agoraphobias etc) which means statistics are much worse than presented.

Private organisations or doctors, often with little appropriate training or experience, are now contracted to manage CAMHS waiting lists. CAMHS teams are reporting “we are told we cannot ask questions about their training or experience, we have to work with them”. Families report that they have written to CEOs of NHS Trusts due to concerns regarding these matters, but that “CEOs often change, so by the time I wait for a response, it is a new person”, mother of 15 year old child, October 2021.

We have previously raised serious concerns regarding professionals with no training in Child Psychiatry (training or experience in identifying serious mental illness or neurodevelopmental problems such as ADHD or ASD) or Medicine (to rule our medical problems that can often present similar to mental health or neurodevelopmental problems) offering children assessments in CAMHS. It is not usual that some children wait 5 years before assessment by a child psychiatrist, referred due to treatment resistance when diagnosis was never accurate. In our experience, it is not unusual that 30-50% (sometimes 60%) of children in ADHD teams are not correctly diagnosed. It is also not unusual to identify 5 year olds on 3 different psychotropic medications (nearly always inappropriate) with serious side-effects (unacceptable).

Medical and legal colleagues, as well as senior government officials and business colleagues always insist that their children are seen by a Child Psychiatrist if presenting with concerns relating to neurodevelopment eg ADHD, ASD or mental health, why should the general public not get a specialist in a specialist service?

Comprehensive initial assessments in CAMHS, screening for serious mental illness, neurodevelopmental problems and medical problems, without delay, further to referral, providing a bio-psycho-social impression and recommendations, will improve short term and long term prognosis markedly, as well as outcomes in adult life and for the patient’s children and children’s children.  

A comprehensive assessment, by an appropriate specialist, with appropriate training and experience, can often be achieved in one 90 minute session, however, sometimes 2-3 sessions are required (if complex or high risk). Let’s get this right from the start. Children often present to CAMHS with 10 lifetimes of losses, trauma and challenge, let’s not perpetuate the harm. Let’s be honest, let’s offer children services associated with integrity and honour. We teach by doing.

We are sometimes asked to allow doctors specialising in Paediatrics to attend our clinics as part of their training; it is not unusual that these doctors report that their 3 year specialist training in Paediatrics only includes 1 day of training relating to ADHD or ASD or mental health, which is the day they spend with us observing 1-3 cases (and often all 3 appointments cancel or do not arrive).  

This must be compared to Child Psychiatry training (CCTs in Child Psychiatry) where doctors specialising offer direct assessment and treatment to at least 100 children per year (including ADHD and ASD) under supervision; this includes therapeutic training in at least behavioural therapies, CBT (cognitive behavioural therapy), CAT (cognitive analytical therapy), psychodynamic therapy and systemic family therapy, as well as (sometimes) creative therapies such as play, drama or art therapy.  It is essential that these therapies are available at all CAMHS clinics; children presenting with a significant history of trauma or loss (most children in CAMHS in most cases) often require CAT or psychodynamic therapy to move forward and achieve clinical goals.   

Children with mental health problems often present very differently to adults with mental health problems. Mental health problems, neurodevelopmental problems (eg ADHD or ASD), medical problems and social risk (eg abuse or anxiety due to threat) can often present very similar in children (differential diagnosis), it is therefore essential that professionals who offer initial assessments, offer comprehensive assessments based on adequate training and experience to ensure diagnoses are accurate. “Child psychiatrists usually screen for everything including health problems during assessments, so assessments are very comprehensive usually”, GP.

The WHO reports that medical problems are often missed in mental health patients, leading to increased morbidity and mortality (life expectancy reduced by up to 20  years).  Clinical goals should include accurate diagnoses for children. 

Recently, the focus in Health is on financial or political matters, however, the focus needs to be on clinical matters if reduced morbidity, reduced mortality and good clinical outcomes are the goals. 

Most child psychiatrists agree that the “NHS could have a good capacity to meet the children’s needs if there were fewer managers (routinely 5 per doctor or therapist in some clinics), especially with zero child psychiatry or medical experience, more or some admin support, more private offices with desks as well as general support for the professionals in the team, especially listening to the professionals when they identify problems, such as I need someone to post my clinic letters on time”, as reported by a child psychiatry consultant colleague.  

Statistics relating to increased risk published by MIND, Young Minds and Samaritans in the UK, 2020:

• 75-80% in mental health concerns for individuals with a relevant mental health history 

• 55% increase in mental health concerns for individuals without a relevant mental health history

• marked increase relating to self-harm and suicidal ideation or attempts

Baseline statistics prior to the pandemic indicate that in England more or less;

• “1 in 4 people will experience a mental health problem of some kind each year, 

• 1 in 6 people report experiencing a common mental health problem in any week;

• 1 in 5 people have suicidal thoughts, 

• 1 in 14 people self-harm, 

• 1 in 15 people attempt suicide,

• 1 in 8 adults with a mental health problem are currently getting any kind of treatment.”  


Many believe statistics are “better for children compared to adults”, however, this is not the case in most domains, and most children with social risk or serious mental health concerns are not identified.  Many believe “mental health problems get better when you get older so longer term consequences will not be severe”, however, considering a global perspective, prior to this outbreak, in developed and developing countries, as reported by the WHO, “depression is one of the leading causes of disability.  Suicide is the second leading cause of death among 15-29-year-olds.  People with severe mental health conditions die prematurely – as much as two decades early – due to preventable physical conditions.” The WHO commented 20 plus years ago that “around 450 million people currently suffer from such conditions, placing mental disorders among the leading causes of ill-health and disability worldwide.”

Mental health problems can occur as once off presentations, as recurrent presentations or chronic presentations, much like many medical problems.  Individuals who have presented with a mental health disorder once, such as depression or an anxiety disorder, are usually at risk for recurrence; prevention (or preventing escalation or deterioration) is therefore the key to effectively managing most mental health disorders. Prevention starts with evidence-based protective factors.

Evidence-based protective factors for general health, mental health and reducing social risk include, but is not limited to, normalcy, education, autonomy, liberty and maintaining a calm and positive mental state / environment. Confidentiality and consent are also important items to protect the general public in the context of Health.

Respecting Consent: Most agree that the gathering of genetic, biometric or personal data through COVID testing, or when sharing evidence of vaccines, should not be allowed, this includes personal photographs, personal videos, date of birth and personal addresses (date of birth and personal address can be shared as part of medical information on medical documents to be kept secure and confidential as medical records by medical/health services), considering that some governments have collected human DNA samples (not only viral genetic data) without patient consent during COVID tests (many doctors are concerned that this has prevented the public from getting tested if symptoms or concerns)–2 and considering some individuals work in high risk fields such as Police or individuals working in child protection contexts.

It is relevant to consider data relating to violence at work, March 2019,, and to consider that this research was not focused on individuals working in high risk fields, where stalking behaviour, threats, aggression and violence can be common. It is relevant to consider the recent increase in violent behaviour, as reported earlier.  Violence (or threats) at work in CAMHS or Social Care settings has increased markedly, as reported by colleagues.  

We thank you for your time.

Many of these observations and concerns have been shared with appropriate authorities in the UK, the EU and abroad. Many authorities, government officials and professionals including medical doctors share these concerns, and confirm this to us in writing. Most agree that a systemic bio-psycho-social approach, always considering bio-psycho-social risk and protective factors, and following only good clinical evidence are essential to achieve good clinical outcomes. National and international health organisations as well as organisations safeguarding children have requested to remain on our mailing list since March 2020.

A congruent and consistent approach is required and urgent – between government, health professionals and the general public, and also between nations – to achieve clinical goals. Clinical goals have to be defined as reducing general health, mental health and social risk (and harm) for children and adults, high and low risk, equally.

A global health plan is essential to move forward and to protect nations.

#Travel #Freedom #liberty #Health #GoodEvidence #Autonomy #Normal #Normalcy #Tourists #Flights #Children #MentalHealth #Depression #anxiety #ADHD #Autism #ASD #Neurodevelopmental #LearningDisabilities #CAMHS #ChildPsychiatrist #GlobalHealthPlan #systemic

Dress for December

Dress for December

Children and young people often ask us for advice with achieving goals. Some goals relate to general health, mental health, education, social interaction, managing difficult individuals or high risk contexts, understanding certain behaviour / interaction or successfully applying for employment.

Children or young people in this context range from students at the University of Cambridge to young offenders. Most children have the same goals. Most children have the same fears or concerns. Many children’s goals relate to “making a difference” and “being free and independent”. Many fears relate to “being judged”, “being ridiculed” and “not being good enough”.

Assisting children with achieving their positive goals are important. We usually divide this session or lecture into sections ranging from understanding human behaviour, self-esteem or confidence to practical advice.

We recently asked children what their favourite parts of our ‘preparing to achieve goals’ lectures were.

Many responded with “Dress for December”. Life has seasons. We all have favourite months or seasons. Most individuals report that December is their favourite month, because “everyone makes an effort”, “you feel good when you look good” or “you feel good when everything around you is tidy, clean, beautiful”. “Dress for success”, “dress for the job you want”, “we tell people how to treat us with how we dress and behave ourselves” and “people will treat you the same way you treat yourself” are advice children often hear from adults.

We ask children or young people if they had to compile a team to manage important decisions or emergencies, to take the lead, who would they pick? What would they look for? What gives a message of ‘trust’ and ‘sensible’ or ‘reliable’? Are they mostly calm or anxious? Are they positive or negative? Do they put other’s first? What do they prioritise? Are they confident and how can you tell? What do they talk about? What don’t they talk about? What clothing do they wear? Do they wear revealing clothing? Do they wear a lot of bright make up and nail polish?

“It is nice to do certain stuff, but you have to ask yourself will it work and what is my message to the world?”, 17 year old. “People see you in town and everywhere, you can’t just act the right way when in school, it is a commitment”, 16 year old.

It is a different world now compared to 1990 or 1960, however, the definition of leadership have not change much and many children aim high, as they should, to achieve positions of leadership.

“The players change, but the game stays the same”, 65 year old GP

If your mayor, your doctor, your police officer, your solicitor or the CEO of a favourite company goes to town or the beach, what do you expect them to wear? What will make you think his or her priorities are not right in terms of decisions or behaviour?

Messages we give each other, including children and young people, by our choices, by what we wear, by our behaviour, how we express emotions or thoughts, matter. Messages can confuse children or increase risk and harm.

“My mum does this on the beach, then my girlfriend should do it too”, 12 year old boy referred to us as recommended by the Police.

“People shouldn’t judge based on appearance, choices or someone’s behaviour, but the reality or truth is that they do, and this will never change, might as well be smart and play the game to get to where you want to get to”, as reported by a 16 year old.

It is important to represent a true version of yourself to the world, a version you are comfortable with, but also a version that represents the best of you and your goals. Programming yourself and your life for success is a matter that involves practical, physical, behavioural, cognitive and emotional prep and planning, and it should be fun.

“Appearance matters. And remember to smile.” Mandela

Season’s Greetings and a Happy 2022.

We continue to offer pro bono lectures or sessions for children, families, carers and professionals twice a year, usually April and November. Our ‘ask us anything’ question and answer sessions are usually popular. Please email us at for more details.

#success #goals #dress #free #independent #children #confidence

Contingency Plan – Plan, Practise, Peace

Contingency Plan

“When anxious, uneasy and bad thoughts come, I go to the sea, and the sea drowns them out with its great wide sounds, cleanses me with its noise, and imposes a rhythm upon everything in me that is bewildered and confused.” Rilke

Everyone has good days and difficult days. Every life has good intervals and difficult intervals. Most agree that 2020 and 2021 have been a “very difficult to breathe interval”, as reported by a 14 year old.

The secret to success for many lies in prevention and planning.

We will spend the next year to provide practical information for children. Professionals often use the same techniques with good outcomes.

During psycho-education or various psychotherapies children are advised to create and maintain a contingency plan for difficult days or times. It is important to create and practise the plan during good days or good times. Difficult times are not ideal for making plans and testing plans, however, it is not impossible.

Some children prefer a cupboard drawer or box they keep for this purpose. Some keep favourite items, music, movies, photos, mementos, books or poetry in this drawer or box. Children are advised to think about what they would buy for or take to their friend at the hospital to cheer them up perhaps, and create the same for themselves, for when they need it.

Many children prefer to have an activity, routine or rhythm for difficult times, or prefer a combination of both a box or drawer as well as a routine. Examples that many children prefer include spending time walking the dog, engaging with animals, spending time in nature, spending time next to water or on water, spending time listening to music or dancing or watching favourite movies. Many also prefer sports from swimming, surfing and canoeing to hiking and horse riding. We often recommend that children keep a picture or a list of these activities in their cupboard, so that they don’t forget what their ‘go to’ plan is in difficult times (often when “one’s mind goes blank”, as reported by an 11 year old).

This plan must have a ‘reliable’ element – it cannot be dependent on the weather or someone providing transport – it must be relatively easy to achieve success with this plan in the context of ‘a difficult time’.

This practice, having a contingency plan, is associated with and inspires emotional independence – to take care of one’s own emotional needs.

Children are however always advised to speak to responsible peers and responsible adults about difficult days. The same advice is given to adults. “Going it alone” is not recommended for difficult days or times – it is important to talk to people about worries and to spend time together not talking or thinking about worries. Balance is essential for general health and mental health; balance includes for instance normative activities (we have written much about this due to the significant effect on prognosis), enjoyment, excitement and calm moments or rest.

This practice also instills a ‘plan, practise and peace’ approach – preparedness. Putting in effort at the beginning often means you can relax and enjoy yourself, knowing you have a plan B and C in place for challenges. You can also apply this approach to practical activities, for example long road trips. What might you need?

It is important to keep a ‘sharp mind, soft hands’ approach. This practice should not increase anxiety, it should decrease anxiety in the short and longer term. Ask for help if you find this stressful.

Two contingency plans are usually advised; one for low grade difficult days, as above, which are not emergencies, and which requires trial runs and one for emergencies, which usually does not require trial runs, as professionals or authorities are usually or always involved from an early stage.

Emergency plans should always include talking to your doctor (GP or the doctor at Accident and Emergency) without any delay. Emergency plans can vary significantly from child to child depending on whether the likely potential emergency;

A- medical (biological) such as hypoglycaemia in the context of Diabetes Mellitus or a serious side effect to medication, or

B – psychological such as anxiety (not due to medical causes) or

C – social such as physical safety issues, aggression or violence.

We recommend that children compile emergency plans with their carers and families, as well as with professionals. It is important that everyone is aware and happy with the plan.

The important message is that simple measures can prevent crisis or can reduce risk and harm in a crisis.

Difficult moments, days or intervals are often not entirely predictable, and these measures do not guarantee smooth sailing, because challenge, loss and trauma can be tricky (we will talk about what affects outcome in later posts), and how people respond is not always entirely predictable, however, these simple measures often help to avoid a crisis or ensure risk, along with harm, is markedly reduced.

These measures aim to inspire thinking, planning, education, focusing on prevention, and it should inspire calm, a feeling of empowerment and be enjoyable.

#Children #anxiety #RiskManagement #StressManagement #support #prevention #planning #preparedness #MentalHealth #Health #calm #positive #empowerment #independence